Stones of Kidney, Ureter & Bladder

Stones of Kidney, Ureter & Bladder

A large number of people around the world suffer from Urinary stones. In India the stone formation is common in states like Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana and Punjab. Urinary stone formation can occur due to food habits(Diet), age, sex, obesity, genetic, and environmental factors, climate and lifestyle..

Kidney is a filter system of out body. The urine contains various waste products which are in dissolved state in water. If urine remains concentrated due to less of water or the concentration of wastes increases, then it precipitates and forms crystals which further aggregates and leads to formation of stones. Stone also form due to imbalance of substances in the urine.

Kidney stone symptoms:

The symptoms could be one or more of the following:

  • severe pain on either side of your lower back
  • vague pain or stomach ache that doesn’t go away
  • blood in the urine
  • nausea or vomiting
  • fever and chills
  • urine that smells bad or looks cloudy

Causes of Stone formation:

Possible causes include drinking too little water, High intake of Non vegetarian food, obesity, weight loss surgery, or eating food with too much salt or sugar. Urine Infections and family history might be important in some people.

Types of kidney stones:

There are four main types of stones:

  1. Calcium oxalate: The most common type of kidney stone which is created when calcium combines with oxalate in the urine. Inadequate calcium and fluid intake, as well other conditions, may contribute to their formation.
  2. Uric acid: This is another common type of kidney stone. Foods such as organ meats and shellfish have high concentrations of a natural chemical compound known as purines. High purine intake leads to a higher production of monosodium urate, which, under the right conditions, may form stones in the kidneys. The formation of these types of stones tends to run in families.
  3. Struvite: These stones are less common and are caused by infections in the upper urinary tract.
  4. Cystine: These stones are rare and tend to run in families.

After it is formed, the stone may stay in the kidney or travel down the urinary tract into the ureter. If it stays in kidney it may not cause pain but may gradually increase in size; fill the entire kidney and cause its permanent damage. Smaller stones may pass into the ureter. Such stones usually cause extreme pain as they travel down the ureter. The ureters are of very less diameter and stones larger than 6 mm may get stuck in the ureter. Such stones cause a back-up of urine which leads to pain, fever, infection and even Kidney damage.

Dr. Anurag Kumar is one the the best Urologist in Delhi for treatment of Kidney stones